Know about diagnostic Laparo-hysteroscopy
Female reproductive organs are situated deep down in the lower abdomen.
They are uterus, fallopian tubes, ovaries and vagina.
Every month one egg is released in the middle of the cycle from one ovary. When sexual relation occur sperms get deposited in the vagina. Sperms travel up through cervix, uterine cavity and reach fallopian tubes. The egg released also reaches fallopian tube and unite with one of the sperms to form the embryo. This embryo then comes back to the uterine cavity and starts growing there. Any problem in this process can lead to difficulty in achieving pregnancy. In diagnostic laparo-hysteroscopy we try to see different reasons for infertility. Uterine cavity is
seen by hysteroscopy from below. This checks openings both of the tubes and uterine cavity
Laparoscopy is an operation to look inside your abdomen. A Small cut is given at umbilicus, through which laparoscope (10 mm size telescope) is passed inside the abdomen to see the reproductive organs. We need to see the size, shape of the uterus Abnormalities Of the tube and the ovaries also can be seen which is necessary for transport of both sperms and ovum across. This test done under general anesthesia. Some blood and urine tests are required before this procedure. Preoperative instructions are given at the time of appointment for the procedure , for 3 hours. patients is not given anything by mouth. Later patients is started on liquids and then solids food. if there are no problems usually patients can be discharged in the evening. Post operative instructions are given at the time of discharge. Patients needs rest for one or two days after which patients can start her daily routine. Reports of the scopy are discussed with the patients and the relatives 3 days after procedure in the OPD at the time of flow-up.